[REVUE DE WEB] INTERNETS ET LIBERTÉS
NUMERO SPECIAL "BIENVENUE DANS LE PANOPTICUM"
Phantasme bourgeois du XIXè et XXè Siècle, le Panopticum décrit par George Orwell ("Totalitarian Society") et Michel Foucault ("Surveiller et Punir") est en passe de se réaliser à l'aide de la technologie moderne. Aux USA, poussés par le procureur général bigot et liberticide John Ashcroft, les gadgets de surveillance fleurissent, au nom de la lutte contre le crime et le terrorisme.
Au bout de la route, une société totalitaire, peuplée d'humains transparents, comme en révait le KGB ou la STASI :
"Faire que la surveillance soit permanente par les effets, même si elle est discontinue dans son action ; que la perfection du pouvoir tende à rendre inutile l'actualité de son exercice ; que cet appareil soit une machine à créer et à soutenir un rapport de pouvoir indépendant de celui qui l'exerce ; bref que les détenus soient pris dans une situation de pouvoir dont ils sont eux-mêmes les porteurs"
(Foucault , Surveiller et Punir, 1975, 202-203).
Les appareils de géolocalisation se répandent de plus en plus...
[MIT TechReview 20.08.2003]
Soon, hardware and software that track your location will be providing directions, offering shopping discounts, and aiding rescue workers—in devices ranging from cell phones to “jewelry.” Such services will change the way consumers live—and promise a windfall for ailing telecom carriers.
Au Mexique on peut déjà se faire greffer une puce sous la peau,
qui indique en permanence où vous vous trouvez....
Mexicans implanted with ID chips
[The Globe and Mail 18.07.03]
Borrowing from technology for tracking pets, a U.S. company is selling microchips in Mexico that can be implanted under a person's skin and used to confirm health history and identity. The microchips, already available in the United States, could tap into a growing industry surrounding Mexico's criminal concerns. Kidnappings, robberies and fraud are common here, and Mexicans are constantly looking for ways to protect themselves against crime. ... Company officials said they are working on developing similar technology that would use satellites to help find people who may have been kidnapped."
Aux USA, bon nombre de voitures sont équipées EN STANDARD
de micros et émetteurs espions.
High-Tech System Helps End Chase Of Stolen SUV
[Washington Post 16.07.03]
The global-positioning and communications device helped police track the carjacker during a wild high-speed chase Tuesday night and eavesdrop indirectly inside the vehicle... The TeleAid system consists of a microphone, a cell phone connection and a computer system linked to most aspects of the car. ... After talking to the sergeant and Plaia, the TeleAid representative began tracking the woman's stolen car on a digital map as it careened through suburban Maryland. TeleAid officials, using the cell phone connection and microphone in the car, also could listen to what was happening inside the vehicle." And in case you wondered, yes, the eavesdropping device was factory-installed.
Au Japon, les puces sont déjà dans les billets de banque.
Eu Europe on y songe aussi...
Japanese currency to include tracking chips
[The Register 30.07.03]
"As Europe mulls the idea of implanting radio chips into euro notes, Japan has gone a step further with plans to incorporoate the controversial technology in currency that will enter circulation next year. New 10,000 Yen bills (worth about £51) currently entering production are to be implanted with IC chips from Hitachi in a bid to combat counterfeiters and money launderers... Notes will come with Hitachi's 0.3mm 'mew-chip' which responds to radio signals by sending out a 128-bit number. This information could include a serial number with the date and place of origin of a note. ... privacy activists and some technologists are already voicing their concern over the privacy implications of RFID tags attached supermarket goods."
Chez Intel/Microsoft, Big Brother est déjà dans votre PC
et c'est lui qui décide quel logiciel vous utilisez,
quel film vous regardez, quelle chanson vous écoutez...
Intel incorporating Spyware circuitry in new motherboards
[electricnews.net | Submitted by: Reid Fleming
"The Trusted Platform Module... designed by the Trusted Computing Group, will encrypt and decrypt documents and is said to ensure that documents are stored in secure places of a PC. ... Privacy advocates have criticised the TPM system saying that rather than securing data, it will be used to monitor consumers' use of music, film and software for licensing purposes. However, Intel and Wave have rejected that their agreement relates to DRM (digital rights management), though Wave does supply products for that purpose."
Tous ces beaux gadgets qui valent si cher !!!!
Faites passer à Alain Bauer, qui tente de vendre ce truc en France
Facial-Recognition System Eliminated In Tampa
System Fails To Net Any Arrests In 2 Years
[WKMG-TV 6 Orlando 20.08.03]
Police have eliminated a facial-recognition software system connected to cameras that scanned crowds in Tampa's Ybor City in search of wanted criminals. The software failed to net any arrests in two years. The system was intended to recognize the facial characteristics of felons, sexual predators and runaway children through a database of thousands of mug shots. ... Tampa was the first city in the United States to install the permanent camera surveillance system along public streets and the technology was used during the 2001 Super Bowl at Raymond James Stadium."
Les technologies de surveillance, au secours des cocus
Installing spyware to catch cheating spouses
"Suspicious husbands and wives who once might have hired a private eye to find out if their spouses were cheating are now using do-it-yourself technology to check on an increasingly popular hideaway for trysts - the Internet. Divorce lawyers and marriage counselors say Internet-abetted infidelity, romance originating in chat rooms and fueled by e-mails, is now one of the leading factors in marital breakdowns. ... the convenience and seeming anonymity of the Internet have attracted a new breed of adulterers, people who might have been too timid to make their first forays into infidelity face-to-face."
Et revoilà la tentative de contrôler ce qui se dit sur le Web...
Ashcroft attempting to resurrect Internet censorship law
Attorney General John Ashcroft has appealed to the Supreme Court to reinstate a law that punishes Web site operators who expose children to dirty pictures and other inappropriate material. ... A Philadelphia-based appeals court has twice ruled that the 1998 law, known as the Child Online Protection Act, unconstitutionally restricts speech. The law has been on hold since it was challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of artists, book stores and others who put information on the Web."
Même les sites qui prétendaient lutter contre le flicage
ont baissé leur culotte devant les flics...
Net anonymity service back-doored
[The Register 21.08.03]
The popular Java Anonymous Proxy (JAP), used to anonymise one's comings and goings across the Internet, has been back-doored by court order. The service is currently logging access attempts to a particular, and unnamed, Web site and reporting the IP addys of those who attempt to contact it to the German police. ... After taking the service down for a few days with the explanation that the interruption was 'due to a hardware failure,' the operators then required users to install an 'upgraded version' (ie. a back-doored version) of the app to continue using the service.
Le gouvernement US veut surveiller tous les envois par courrier
Postal ID plan creates privacy fears
Fed developing system to track every piece of mail
A government report that urges the U.S. Postal Service to create 'smart stamps' to track the identity of people who send mail is eliciting concern from privacy advocates. ... Though details remain sketchy, an intelligent mail system would involve using barcodes or special stamps, identifying, at a minimum, the sender, the destination and the class of mail. ... [EPIC] questioned the cost and effectiveness of a system that hinges on proving the identity of millions of individual mail senders. Even an overhaul of the entire postal system may not thwart stamp-swipers and identity thieves, they said. 'In order to close those holes, you have to move toward a police state.'"
Chacun se tricote son petit fichier tout seul...
Florida assembling their own national database
[[Washington Post 05.08.03]
"Police in Florida are creating a counterterrorism database designed to give law enforcement agencies around the country a powerful new tool to analyze billions of records about both criminals and ordinary Americans. Organizers said the system, dubbed Matrix, enables investigators to find patterns and links among people and events faster than ever before, combining police records with commercially available collections of personal information about most American adults. It would let authorities, for instance, instantly find the name and address of every brown-haired owner of a red Ford pickup truck in a 20-mile radius of a suspicious event. ... At least 135 police agencies in the state have signed up for the Florida Department of Law Enforcement database service, which began operation more than a year ago. At least a dozen states - including Pennsylvania, New York and Michigan - said they want to add their records."
Le flicage, on sait où ça commence... on sait pas où ça finit,
Surveillance Proposal Expanded
[[Washington Post 31.07.03]
A passenger-screening system designed to help capture terrorists could also be used to target people suspected of violent crimes ... The new proposal shows that officials intend to use the system - potentially the largest surveillance network created by the government - more broadly to keep dangerous people off planes. That could include people wanted for domestic terrorism or violent crimes. Anyone flagged by the system would receive extra screening or, in some circumstances, be detained. ... David L. Sobel, general counsel at the Electronic Privacy Information Center, said he worries that CAPPS II will become a 'massive enforcement mechanism.' 'It opens the door for invasive background checks on all citizens,' Sobel said."
C'est pratique les lois d'exception "contre le terrorisme",
ça permet de faire passer plein d'autres trucs...
par exemple ça permet de faire passer un dealer de drogue
pour un trafficant d'armes de destruction massive...
Prosecutor fighting meth using law that punishes terrorism
"A Watauga County prosecutor is using a law intended to combat terrorism to fight the spread of methamphetamine laboratories in northwest North Carolina. District Attorney Jerry Wilson has charged Martin Dwayne Miller, 24, of Todd with two counts of manufacturing a nuclear or chemical weapon in connection with a methamphetamine arrest Friday. ... The law reads, in part, that the term nuclear, biological or chemical weapon of mass destruction applies to 'any substance that is designed or has the capability to cause death or serious injury and ... is or contains toxic or poisonous chemicals or their immediate precursors .'"
Qui contrôle vraiment les listes des "suspects" aux USA ?
Apparemment personne... tous les abus sont possibles !
Secret "no-fly" list completely unmonitored
"The government has no idea how many air travelers are being subjected to delays and missed flights because of confusion over security watchlists, according to interviews and internal Transportation Security Administration documents. ...The internal documents were obtained via the Freedom of Information Act by the American Civil Liberties Union, which is trying to persuade a federal judge to order the government to disclose who is on the watchlists, how people get on them and how somebody can get off them. Citing national security, the TSA has refused to answer these questions, which the ACLU posed in an effort to learn whether passengers are being placed on watchlists because of their political beliefs."
Gilmore essaye d'alerter les américains sur la perte des libertés..
I was ejected from an airplane today
for wearing a "Suspected Terrorist" button
My sweetheart Annie and I tried to fly to London today (Friday) on
British Airways. We started at SFO, showed our passports and got
through all the rigamarole, and were seated on the plane while it
taxied out toward takeoff. Suddenly a flight steward, Cabin Service
Director Khaleel Miyan, loomed in front of me and demanded that I
remove a small 1" button pinned to my left lapel. I declined, saying
that it was a political statement and that he had no right to censor
passengers' political speech. The button, which was created by
political activist Emi Koyama, says "Suspected Terrorist". Large
images of the button and I appear in the cover story of Reason
Magazine this month, and the story is entitled "Suspected Terrorist".
You can see the button at:
Il y a encore quelques députés américains pour défendre les libertés...
Congress rejects new measures of Patriot Act
[[Washington Post 22.07.03]
"The U.S. House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly on Tuesday to roll back a key provision, which allows the government to conduct secret 'sneak and peek' searches of private property, of a sweeping anti-terrorism law passed soon after the Sept. 11 attacks. The House voted 309-118... It would be the first change in the controversial USA Patriot Act since the law was enacted in October, 2001. ... 'Given its overwhelming passage this evening, the amendment is highly significant and a herald of more fix-Patriot measures to come,' said Laura Murphy, director of the American Civil Liberties Union's Washington legislative office. U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft - who has become a lightning rod for concerns over the possible erosion of U.S. civil liberties - defended the Patriot Act on Monday, saying criticism of it was based on exaggerations and falsehoods."
Même le Pentagone commence à trouver la chose un peu dangereuse...
et introduit quelques garde-fous dans son projet de flicage anti-terroriste
Pentagon building some safeguards into TIA system
[[Government Computer News - 04/08/03]
DARPA has awarded a $3.5 million contract to [Xerox PARC] to develop a 'privacy appliance.' It would act as a gateway to enforce privacy policies on databases accessed by TIA. In its report to Congress about TIA - formerly called Total Information Awareness - DARPA acknowledged that 'Americans rightfully are concerned that data collection and analysis activities by the intelligence community threaten their privacy.' The objective of privacy protection for TIA's Genisys database technology, described as an ultralarge, all-sources information repository, is to make the data collected anonymous."
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